What are PCBs?

PCBs are polychlorinated biphenyls, or a compound that links chlorine, carbon, and hydrogen atoms. These man-made chemicals were used in a number of products before being found to be severely toxic in the 1970s. Among the main uses of PCBs included in surface coatings of buildings, adhesives, paint, and electrical equipment. Because of the commonality of the use of PCBs, at least 10 percent of PCBs produced after 1929 are still in the environment today. This has occurred due to the poor disposal methods in place for PCBs. For example, when PCBs are incinerated or stored in landfills, the chemical releases more harmful toxins that can seep into the water, land, and air.

PCBs have a highly stable molecular structure that causes them to persist in the environment. This persistence affects the health of the plants and animals exposed to the dangerous chemical. In the 1970’s, it was found that PCBs are cancerous and can cause deformities and other serious health complications. This becomes hazardous when the irresponsible disposal of PCBs places the chemicals in direct contact with water, crops, and animals that are later consumed by humans. Consuming poultry, fish, and other contaminated meat is the primary cause of humans having higher levels of PCBs in their bodies.

Monsanto was the sole manufacturer of PCBs in the United States until the manufacturing of PCBs was made illegal. The main facility this took place at was outside of St. Louis, Missouri. This area currently has the highest rate of fetal death and immature births in the state due to the proximity of the PCB manufacturing plant. Other Monsanto PCBs are directly linked to pollution and contamination of entire cities such as San Diego, California and Anniston, Alabama. These contaminated spaces leave thousands of men, women, and children exposed to potentially fatal diseases.

You Can Sell Your Mineral Rights in the US

People who own land in the US are lucky; they not only own the surface land but they also own the mineral estate (or mineral rights). In other countries such as Great Britain, the general rule is that the government owns mineral rights.

Mineral rights are a form of real estate that is distinct from surface land rights. It is the legal prerogative of the owner to exploit whatever materials found under the surface, which may have commercial or industrial value. These materials may be organic such as oil or inorganic such as gemstones. In most countries, the financial benefits from these materials pass on to the state. The exceptions are the US and Canada.

A landowner in the US owns the surface land as evidenced by a land title or deed. Typically, the mineral rights are part of this deed unless it has been severed. Severed mineral rights means that the rights of ownership for the surface land is distinct from that of the underlying surface. If the owners of these are two separate people, the surface landowner has no right to any profit that comes from the mineral rights.

A landowner may have no clue that the land under the homestead, farm, or empty lot contains a fortune in things like metal, oil, natural gas, coal, stone, salt, or gemstones, but you can be sure that those who make it their business to know do. Speculators will frequently offer to buy the mineral rights of land in areas identified as a hot spot for valuable minerals, so that is a good sign that you can sell your mineral rights for a good price.

However, the only real way to exploit these riches is to mine them. That is usually a non-starter unless you are already in the business of doing that. Mining is by no means a simple or easy undertaking; you will be better off selling your minerals rights rather than trying to do it yourself.

You can sell your mineral rights to whomever you please and for whatever amount you want. However, if you have no idea of what you are doing, you should consider consulting with professionals before committing to a sale. You could be signing away your mineral rights for much less than you should.

Williams’ Trust Causes Dispute Among Family

The news of Robin Williams’ untimely demise shook the world as everyone knew it – and until now, the family he has left behind is still dealing with the aftershocks, complications seeping into the faults, making things more than a little unsteady.

Williams’ wife, Susan Schneider Williams — who survives him, according to reports from Reuters, has filed official legal complaints against thievery of belongings and personal effects left behind by the departed comedian at his home in Tiburon, California, to which Schneider is entitled to via a trust that Williams himself set up for her. His three surviving children, however, file a different case altogether.

According to news reports, the Williams children (Zachary, 31; Zelda, 25; Cody, 22) have stated that they believe Schneider Williams is attempting to deliberately work the words in the document in her favor in order to secure more of the deceased’s estate for herself.

Going through such times can be trying for anyone involved, especially if these proceedings are met under the public eye, with heavy media scrutiny. The loss of the famed Oscar winner, known for his roles in films such as Dead Poets Society (1989), Mrs. Doubtfire (1993), Good Morning, Vietnam (1987), and many others, is felt throughout the hearts of all those whose lives he has touched with his humor and tenderheartedness. However, even Robin Williams and his family are not exempt from the cold complications that come with disputes come from the trustees and beneficiaries of his worldly possessions.

The Chicago probate litigation attorneys of Peck Ritchey, LLC state on their website that dealings of this nature can be excruciatingly difficult as certain testators may attempt to take advantage of the situation in order to attain personal gain. Expert, professional help in a trying, emotionally-charged time can be crucial and for guidance, only expert, professional help can get you through in order for you to settle cases of this matter as efficiently as possible, allowing you and your family more time to grieve and heal from the loss of the dear departed.

Xarelto and Uncontrolled Bleeding

Anticoagulants are an important part of health maintenance for patients with medical conditions that promote the formation of potentially harmful blood clots such as atrial fibrillation. Unfortunately, as pointed out on the website of Williams Kherkher, anticoagulants such as Xarelto (rivaroxaban) can be dangerous to the very people they are meant to save by thinning the blood too much that it results in uncontrollable bleeding.

There have been efforts made to find a reversal agent for Xarelto and other drugs of the direct factor Xa (10-a) inhibitor (xaban) class of anticoagulants that cause copious and irreversible bleeding. According to the August 2014 issue of the Journal of Neurosurgery, however, the blood thinning effects of Xarelto in particular has been found to be harder to reverse than other xabans. This is a big problem for doctors, especially when the bleeding occurs in the brain because it can result in permanent damage even after the bleeding has stopped.

Xarelto was originally approved for US distribution by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the prevention of post-surgical blood clot formation following a hip or knee replacement procedure. It was designed for short-term use; in most adverse events reported, the patient had been taking Xarelto for at least a year. This was mostly due to it being prescribed for atrial fibrillation, which it had later been approved for by the FDA, and it is with prolonged use that patients typically experience serious side effects.

Before it became known that Xarelto had the potential for bleeding that was particularly difficult to stop, it had been widely prescribed as an alternative to the standard anticoagulant drug warfarin and the newer Pradaxa (dabigatran), and brought in more than $800 million in US sales in 2013 and that the anticoagulant medication market exceeds $10 billion a year. That’s a lot of prescriptions that could mean serious harm to a lot of people.

If you have experienced serious side effects from taking Xarelto, you may want to consider taking legal action. Consult a Xarelto lawyer to be one of the first to sue the responsible parties for compensation for costs associated with your medical treatment, pain and suffering.

Great Tips About Hiring A Good Lawyer

Do you need a lawyer? Are you looking for legal advice? Do you have questions about the law? Lawyers are there to help citizens who need someone with legal knowledge on their side. When choosing and working with a lawyer there are few things you should know. Keep reading to learn more about picking the right lawyer for your needs.

Imagine taking on a lawyer who is about to enter court for the first time. That’s what will happen if you take a general lawyer into a case where a specializing lawyer is a better bet. Ask any lawyer you know for their recommendations, and you’ll be pleased with the outcome.

A specialist may cost more per hour, but it’ll be less in the long run. A specialist won’t have to research as much as a general lawyer, saving you research fees.

A good tip if you’re thinking about hiring a lawyer is to not get swept away with just the costs alone. Deciding on the cheapest lawyer around isn’t always the best idea, and it can actually cost you more in the long run because they might not be very experienced.

Check online to find out what sort of fees are typical for your legal issues. This will help you avoid being scammed down the road. Choose a lawyer who has a good track record and a great deal of experience to ensure that they don’t overcharge you for their own time-wasting mistakes.

Use Google to your advantage when it comes to hiring a lawyer. Look for reviews about any attorney you are considering. If the general consensus is that the attorney you are interested in is lazy and incompetent, you should do your best to look for another attorney to handle your case. You should be able to find a site with a lot of information on it, like http://www.abelinjurylawyers.com.

No matter your reason for needing a lawyer it is important that you know at least a little about how to pick a good one. You should also know what you should expect. Use what you learned in this article to help you whenever you find yourself needing a legal professional in your life.

The Other Problem with Hyperhidrosis

While it is true that everybody sweats, no one wants to be seen doing it, at least outside the gym. Sweating is the way the body regulates its internal temperature. When it gets too hot, sweat glands deposit liquid on the skin, which cools it off when it hits the air. But there is a normal amount of sweat, and then there is more than that. This is called hyperhidrosis, and aside from being mortifying, it may be an indication of other problems.

There are two types of excessive sweating: focal and general. Focal (primary) hyperhidrosis is confined to a certain area of the body, most typically the feet, hands, face, and armpits. Generalized (secondary) hyperhidrosis, on the other hand, involves the entire body. Hyperhydrosis can be hereditary in nature, but it can also be acquired as a symptom of a disorder.

No one really knows what causes hyperhidrosis but it is speculated that it may be due to a hyperactive sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Hyperhidrosis is typically triggered when the body responds to some type of stress, such as fear. In some cases, however, the excessive sweating may be an indication of certain disorders such as diabetes and congenital heart disease. Studies also show that hyperhidrosis may be triggered by certain stimuli such as nicotine and caffeine.

Hyperhidrosis per se is not physically dangerous as long as the sufferer remains hydrated, but it can have significant adverse psychological effects. Because excessive sweating is generally unattractive and off-putting, those who suffer from the condition often avoid most physical contacts and socializing to minimize embarrassment.

There are several modes of treatment for hyperhidrosis, but it is pretty much hit and miss because no one actually knows why it occurs or what triggers. In general, treatment is palliative such as using antiperspirants, anticholinergic drugs or Botox injections, but none of these really get rid of the problem. It is possible to surgically remove the sweat glands, and some swear by the efficacy of acupuncture. The success of the chosen treatment varies on a case-to-case basis, so if one method doesn’t work, one can always try another.

Criminal Defense for Domestic Violence

Nothing is more intimate or more devastating than domestic violence. Domestic violence is defined as the physical, sexual or emotional assault of one individual by another in a marital, co-habitation, dating, or familial situation. Home is supposedly a safe haven, but not when domestic violence reigns.

There are many psychological studies about domestic violence, but no one theory covers all situations where it occurs. There are a variety of factors, both internal and external, that contribute to acts of domestic violence. Some say it is handed down to children, as those who are domestically violent also tend to come from a background of domestic violence. As such, it is a vicious cycle that is very difficult to halt, especially as victims are often reluctant to expose it because they feel ashamed or afraid.

According to the website of the Law Offices of Alexander & Associates based in Denton, it is prevalent in the U.S., annually affecting directly or indirectly in excess of a million individuals. However, because it is an intimate crime, it often goes unreported, and it can be very difficult to prove. Thus, domestic violence laws tend to be stringent, and mere allegations are taken very seriously by law enforcement. This is understandable, but it can lead to an excess of zeal.

Being charged with a crime like domestic violence can have far-reaching consequences for the life, reputation, and career of the defendant. This is a tragedy if the allegations are false, a rather nasty ploy of some spouses preparing the groundwork for a divorce, disgruntled teenagers, or a vengeful lover. This is a situation that must not be allowed to get out of control. The best way to do this is for a domestic violence defendant to engage the services of an experienced criminal defense lawyer to set the record straight and protect his or her rights in a criminal proceeding.

Surprising Consequences of Risperdal Use

Gynecomastia is the development of breasts in males that is most common at birth, during puberty, and in elderly men. It is thought to be caused by a hormonal imbalance that commonly occurs during these stages in male development. In pubertal males, it can persist for up to two years. This is called physiologic gynecomastia.

However, a male patient can develop man-boobs as a result of certain medications. Among the most well-known medications with gynecomastia as a side effect is Risperdal, generically risperdone, an atypical antipsychotic drug approved in the US by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of pediatric and adult schizophrenia, autism, and bipolar disorder.

The manifestation of breasts in Risperdal users is a common side effect, and it is a benign condition. This means that it does not pose health risks for the sufferer as serious as tachycardia, at least not in a physical sense. However, the presence of these breasts can prove to have a significant psychological effect.

It must be noted that Risperdal is an antipsychotic drug; ergo, users have already been diagnosed with a mental disorder and are seeking to achieve a normal mental state with the proper treatment. And, since its manufacturer has encouraged the off-label use of Risperdal, its side effects are more widespread than it should have been. Since breasts are primarily associated with females, a male with breasts is certain to come in for or at least dread some ridicule or teasing. This can have a devastating effect on an already fragile emotional state, which in turn can have a profound impact on the mental state.

Risperdal users definitely have larger health issues to contend with than gynecomastia, but it is a manifestation of serious oversight by the drug’s manufacturers. If you developed gynecomastia and other side effects by using Risperdal, you may have recourse to civil litigation to recover any financial and emotional damages. Consult with a product liability lawyer in your area with experience in handling Risperdal claims to find out more.

Wrongful Death of an Unborn Fetus

Wrongful death is defined as any human fatality resulting from the tortious or criminal act or wrongdoing of a third party. Whether there are consequences to the actor in criminal court, the plaintiffs in a wrongful death claim may sue the third party for financial compensation in civil court. This compensation could be for medical bills, loss of income, and funeral expenses. For example, if a driver hits a pedestrian and the pedestrian dies, the family may sue the driver for wrongful death even if the driver is acquitted of vehicular manslaughter. This is the difference between a civil trial and a criminal trial. In the criminal trial, the defendant is defending against criminal charges, while in a civil suit, they’re defending themselves from noncriminal accusations.

However, the rules change when it comes to the death of an unborn fetus. States have varying laws when it comes to the wrongful or unlawful death of a fetus, but there was a time when it was not possible at all to sue for wrongful death of an unborn fetus. This is because a fetus is not considered a separate entity from the mother until birth, so while the mother can sue for loss of consortium because of the death of the unborn child, there cannot be a wrongful death claim unless the mother also dies.

There are now states that consider a wrongful death claim for the unborn fetus as a subset of what is sometimes called feticide (fetus homicide) laws, including Texas and Michigan. However, the application of such laws can be highly complex, not only because of existing abortion laws but also because it can impact many future civil rights arguments. The status of an unborn fetus is not a simple matter; there are states where the law that require the fetus to draw at least one breath before any civil rights can be conferred to them.

When the death of an unborn child is the result of the negligence or willful wrongdoing of a third party, state law may allow eligible parties to sue for compensation.

Consequences of a Car Accident

The consequences of a car accident range from the annoying to the horrific. If you just spent the weekend buffing your car to a high shine and someone sideswipes you on your very first day out and scratches the paint, that’s annoying, but hardly even worth a call to your insurance company. You should always be so lucky. You would be one in about 10 million people who fail to report a minor crash.

Even then, there are a lot of reported car accidents in the US that end in injuries, even fatalities. It is estimated that about one person is injured every 14 seconds somewhere in the US, and one person dies every 48 minutes. And you don’t even have to be driving or even be in a vehicle to be involved in a car accident. Every year, about 60,000 pedestrians are hit by a car and even if the speed is 30 mph or lower, it often causes serious injury, maybe even permanent disability. In too many cases, the pedestrian dies without even knowing what hit him or her, especially in urban areas.

The consequences of a car accident directly impact the drivers/s, passengers, and pedestrians involved. It is often the physical and financial side that hurts the most no matter the severity of the incident. Even for minor injuries, the trip to the emergency room can set the patient back upwards of $1,000, and for the really severe injuries, the costs can be astronomical. Often, the accident victim has to pay out-of-pocket expenses for bills not covered by the insurance company.

The physical and financial pain is often followed by a psychological reaction, such as developing dystychiphobia (fear of accidents) or amaxophobia (fear of riding in a motorized vehicle). These are debilitating conditions, although they rarely occur. But when the accident turns out to have been caused by negligence by one of the parties, the emotional aspect can be overwhelming. The only consolation the hapless victims have is that in such cases, it may be possible to sue for compensation. In order not to be overwhelmed by these unwarranted consequences in a drunk driving or speeding car accident, for example, consult with a personal injury lawyer in your area.

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